Explain the Indian Securities Markets, highlighting its role in Indian economy
1.2 Securities Market
Explain the primary and the secondary market, the different avenues for raising money
from the public in the primary market, the two mediums in the secondary market, the
OTC and the Exchange traded market.
1.3 Money Market
Define Money Market and the key features of the money market products.
1.4 Products Traded in the Market
Explain the different products available to the investors in the Indian Securities Markets;
Define the Equity market and its products such as equity shares, debentures, warrantsetc,
Define the Derivative market and its products such as Index /Stock Futures,
Explain Currency derivatives etc,
Define the Debt market and its products such as the Government Securities Market and the Corporate Debt Market.
Know the different market participants in the Indian Securities Market
List the different types of Investors based on their investment objectives, such as retail
investors, high networth individuals and Institutional Investors
Briefly introduce the Issuers who raise money from the securities market.
Explain how money can be raised from international capital markets by way of GDRs, ADRs, FCCBs
Explain about the Intermediaries in the Indian Securities Market viz., define what are
stock exchanges, their role in the market, discuss about the Clearing Corporation
/Agency and the role performed by them,
Explain the regulatory framework for the securities market in India and the role of Securities and Exchange Board of India.
3.1 Introduction to the Trade Life Cycle
Explain the Trade Life Cycle and the Steps and Participants involved in a trade life cycle.
Explain how affirmation and confirmation for Institutional Clients are done;
Explain how custodial transactions are executed, Define and Explain Clearing and Settlement of executed trades.
3.2 Front Office Operations
Understand the various Front Office Operations such as Client On-Boarding and Registration;
Explain the role of sales in front office.
Explain how an account is opened for trading purposes, the various documents required for it.
Explain the importance of KYC and define Unique Client Code.
Explain Order Management, list the different types of orders and how orders are placed
through internet or through phone, discuss and understand the process of order routing through the Exchange.
Explain how a trade is executed.
3.3 Middle Office Operations
Explain the various activities in a Middle Office in a securities broking firm, Explain Risk
Management practices and the Surveillance mechanism in place
3.4 Back Office Operations
List the various activities in Back Office Operations.
Define Trade Enrichment;
Explain the procedure of trade allocation, Trade Confirmation/Modification.
Discuss the Clearing and Settlement Process. Define accounting and the different accounts which a broker
has to maintain.
Explain the role of Information Technology in a broking firm and understand the different Regulatory Compliances which a broker needs to comply.
4.1 Risk Management
Explain the Risk Management practices which a broker adheres to.
Define and Explain Capital Adequacy Requirements,
Explain Client Account Control,
Explain Margin Requirements and discuss the functions and importance of the Margin Department
4.2 Compliances and Regulatory Reporting
Summarize Compliances and Regulatory Reporting.
Explain the penalties levied if the brokers fail to maintain or furnish documents as prescribed under regulations.
Discuss the various types of books to be maintained and the timeline for Submission of Various Periodic Reports.
Explain why and how account statements are sent to the clients of the brokers.
Explain step by step the Clearing Process
5.2 Role of Clearing Agency
Explain the Role of a Clearing Agency in the clearing process of a trade.
5.3 Clearing Banks and their functions
Define Clearing Banks and explain their Functions
5.4 Clearing members / Custodians
Define and Explain Clearing Members/Custodians
5.5 Depositories and Depository Participants
Explain the role of Depository and Depository Participants
5.6 Clearing Process
Explain the Clearing Process. Differentiate between the clearing process in case of
equities trading and in case of derivatives trading.
Understand Determination of Obligation of Clients,
Explain how Balancing/Netting of Client Accounts are done within the brokers firm and explain how broker netting is done within the Exchange.
6.1 Settlement Cycle
Understand the Settlement Cycle
6.2 Settlement of Internet based trading and order placed on phone
Understand the settlement procedure in case of Internet based trading and order placed on phone
6.3 Settlement of Funds
Understand the Settlement of Funds, how obligations are informed to the clients and custodians, Understand Margin Payments and Explain about settlement dues.
6.4 Settlement of Securities
Understand the Settlement of Securities; Explain the settlement process through the depository clearing system
6.5 Corporate Actions Adjustment
Understand what are corporate actions and what are Corporate Actions Adjustment;
Discuss about Corporate Actions to be adjusted and the Time of Adjustment,
Discuss about Methodology for Adjustment
6.6 Auction of Securities
Understand the procedure for Auction of Securities.
Explain when auction is carried out.
Explain the auction of securities on the BSE and on the NSE.
Explain the importance of investors and how the grievances of the investors are redressed
7.2 Investor Grievance
Procedure followed to redress investor grievances
Understand what arbitration is and the exchange procedure to handle arbitration matters. Explain the role of appellate arbitration.
Explain the various other services which a broker offers to its investors.
8.2 IPO applications
Explain how IPO applications are treated at brokers end.
Explain the procedure of collection of IPO application forms and explain the newly launched ASBA facility.
8.3 Trading of Mutual Fund units
Explain how mutual funds units are traded on the exchange.
8.4 Portfolio Management Service
Explain what Portfolio Management Service is and how do broker engage in it.
8.5 Research Reports
Explain the role of research in a broking firm
8.6 Depository Services
Explain the Depository Services provided by the brokers.
8.7 Margin Trading
Explain the concept of margin trading and its importance.